The policy of expansion was a long-time tactic of European countries. Besides the first wave of Imperialism that came from more advanced European countries in the 16th century, the world has seen the second wave of Imperialism or the New Imperialism. It emerged as industrialized Europe needed more sources of raw materials and more markets to sell its products.
Africa became the main place of the conquest. Here France took the largest part of the continent. The remaining parts were taken by Britain as well as Germany, Italy, and Portugal. Besides a poorly -explored Africa, Asia remained a place of interest for superpowers. India fast became the crown jewel of the British monarchy, and China got divided between France, Germany, Russia, and the US. Japan was the only country that escaped the New Imperialist invasion.